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Bite the Dust

House dust mites can sensitise an immune response to a parasitic worm infection

13 April 2021

Bite the Dust

The monster under your bed isn’t a great beast, it’s a tiny dust mite. Mites’ greatest threat is for people whose overzealous immune systems develop allergies. And now a link between allergies and helminth worm infections has emerged, though whether they reduce or worsen symptoms is hotly debated. The link could come from molecular similarities between allergens such as dust mites and helminth antigens (worm proteins recognised by the immune system). To test this idea, researchers asked whether antibodies (the body’s defence molecules, red) could latch onto worms in samples from mice with no previous exposure (left), those sensitised to dust mites (middle) and those with immunity from previous helminth infections (right). They showed that dust mite sensitisation prepped the body to attack helminths, which could imply pro-allergenic properties of dust mites and helminth molecules, adding a new layer complexity to the issue, meaning the dust has not yet settled on this debate.

Written by Anthony Lewis

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BPoD stands for Biomedical Picture of the Day. Managed by the MRC Laboratory of Medical Sciences until Jul 2023, it is now run independently by a dedicated team of scientists and writers. The website aims to engage everyone, young and old, in the wonders of biology, and its influence on medicine. The ever-growing archive of more than 4000 research images documents over a decade of progress. Explore the collection and see what you discover. Images are kindly provided for inclusion on this website through the generosity of scientists across the globe.

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