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RMS Scientific Imaging Competition 2021 Stacking Up Scars

Award-winning image – impressionist art or seriously scarred lung tissue?

25 September 2021

Stacking Up Scars

This colourful picture looks more like a Van Gogh painting than a serious lung disease. But it’s actually an image of a thin slice of lung tissue affected by a condition called idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), which causes scarring in the lungs (highlighted in green and white). Over time, this scar tissue builds up and makes it hard to breathe. We don’t know what causes IPF – the word idiopathic means ‘unknown cause’ – although the condition is more common in men over 50, smokers, and people who have breathed in substances such as metal or wood dust. Current treatments can only slow the scarring process down, and some patients may need oxygen or even a lung transplant. IPF has a big impact on the lives of more than 5 million people worldwide, so researchers are hoping to develop treatments that can reverse the scars and restore normal lung function.

Written by Kat Arney

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What is BPoD?

BPoD stands for Biomedical Picture of the Day. Managed by the MRC Laboratory of Medical Sciences until Jul 2023, it is now run independently by a dedicated team of scientists and writers. The website aims to engage everyone, young and old, in the wonders of biology, and its influence on medicine. The ever-growing archive of more than 4000 research images documents over a decade of progress. Explore the collection and see what you discover. Images are kindly provided for inclusion on this website through the generosity of scientists across the globe.

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BPoD is also available in Catalan at www.bpod.cat with translations by the University of Valencia.