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Finely-tuned Circuits

Role of a protein called p75 neurotrophin receptor in brain cell network development

08 February 2020

Finely-tuned Circuits

Different areas in our brain are tied together by finely-tuned and well-orchestrated networks of connections. Located at the back of the head, the cerebellum is best known for coordinating our movements, but studies have also linked developmental disorders such as autism to disrupted cerebellar networks. Scientists recently set out to better understand this link by focusing on Purkinje cells, neurons that are only found in the cerebellum and play a vital role in its functioning. The team found that absence of the protein called p75 neurotrophin receptor in mice triggered a cascade of effects; it firstly disrupted the cell cycle [the process of dividing] of neurons that provide input to Purkinje cells (shown here in green in a young mouse), which in turn affected Purkinje cell functioning, and ultimately resulted in learning deficits that carried on into adulthood. These findings show us how seemingly minor errors to our well-orchestrated brain circuits can have widespread repercussions.

Written by Gaëlle Coullon

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BPoD stands for Biomedical Picture of the Day. Managed by the MRC Laboratory of Medical Sciences until Jul 2023, it is now run independently by a dedicated team of scientists and writers. The website aims to engage everyone, young and old, in the wonders of biology, and its influence on medicine. The ever-growing archive of more than 4000 research images documents over a decade of progress. Explore the collection and see what you discover. Images are kindly provided for inclusion on this website through the generosity of scientists across the globe.

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